Eye diseases and conditions is a term that refers to disorders as it relates to the function of the eye. There are thousands of eye conditions, but below we describe some of the more common disorders. For more information, contact your eye care provider at Junction Eye Center.
A cataract is a clouding of the crystalline lens of the eye which leads to a worsening in vision. Cataracts typically develop slowly and can affect one or both eyes. You may notice blurry vision, faded colors, glare or halos around light, or difficulty with night driving. Cataracts are a result of aging and ultraviolet light exposure, but may also be caused by certain medication and systemic diseases.
Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)
Conjunctivitis, commonly known as pink eye, is an infection or inflammation of the conjunctiva which is a thin clear membrane that covers the white part of the eye (sclera). Conjunctivitis may be caused by bacteria, viruses, allergies or other irritants in the environment. Viral conjunctivitis is highly contagious and is typically accompanied by redness in the white of the eye and excessive tearing and/or discharge. If you believe you may have conjunctivitis, visit your optometrist at Junction Eye Center for an examination and treatment.
Diabetic Eye Disease
Diabetic eye disease is a general term for eye problems that can result from having Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. These include diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, glasses prescription changes, and glaucoma. Diabetic eye disease is often first detected by your optometrist. It is important to have a comprehensive eye exam before you experience symptoms. Early detection and treatment of diabetic retinopathy and diabetic eye disease can dramatically reduce your chances of sustaining permanent vision loss.
Glaucoma is a disease of the eye’s that is often referred to as the “silent thief of sight” because it often does not have any noticeable signs or symptoms. Damage to the optic nerve occurs slowly and progressively over time leading to a decrease in peripheral vision and/or blindness. Unfortunately, there is no cure for glaucoma. Many cases can managed and halted with proper eye medications, laser, or eye surgery. Regular eye exams and detect glaucoma which is vital to slowing the progress of the disease.
Macular degeneration is a chronic, progressive disease that gradually affects the central portion of your vision. The condition is highly associated with aging and is also known as age-related macular degeneration (ARMD). There are two forms of ARMD. “Dry AMD” is the most common and characterized by degenerative changes in the macular portion of the retina. “Wet AMD” is less common and is characterized by the developmnent of new blood vessels underneath the surface of the retina. Many patients with “Wet AMD” may need to undergo a series of injections in the eye to improve their vision.